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greenplum装配札记(待完善)

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greenplum安装札记(待完善)

1.安装配置

1.1硬件配置

硬件服务器用到某私有云中ip段为192.168.228.111-192.168.228.120的十台服务器,相关主要配置如下表:

 

类别

主机名

IP

内存

硬盘

主要目录

备注

Master

mdw

192.168.228.111

1.8G

50G

/usr/local

安装

/data/master

数据

Standby

smdw

192.168.228.112

1.8G

50G

/usr/local

安装

/data/master

数据

 

Segment1

 

sdw1

192.168.228.113

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment2

 

sdw2

192.168.228.114

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment3

 

sdw3

192.168.228.115

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment4

 

sdw4

192.168.228.116

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment5

 

sdw5

192.168.228.117

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment6

 

sdw6

192.168.228.118

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment7

 

sdw7

192.168.228.119

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

Segment8

 

sdw8

192.168.228.120

1.8G

1.9T

/usr/local

安装

/data/data

数据

/data/mdata

镜像

 

1.2操作系统

所有节点均为RedHat LinuxRed Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.0 (Santiago),查看方法:more /etc/issue

2.系统参数配置

2.1 hosts文件设置(所有节点全部操作)

情况允许的情况下可将master节点的名称改为mdwstandby节点改为smdwsegment改为sdw+nn为阿拉伯数字)。修改后的效果为:

情况如下(节选):

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# cat /etc/hosts

...

192.168.228.103  GDY-BPU03     

192.168.228.104  GDY-BPU04     

192.168.228.105  GDY-BPU05     

192.168.228.106  GDY-BPU06     

192.168.228.107  GDY-BPU07     

192.168.228.108  GDY-BPU08     

192.168.228.109  GDY-BPU09     

192.168.228.110  GDY-BPU10     

192.168.228.111  GDY-BPU11     

192.168.228.112  GDY-BPU12     

192.168.228.113  GDY-BPU13     

192.168.228.114  GDY-BPU14     

192.168.228.115  GDY-BPU15     

192.168.228.116  GDY-BPU16     

192.168.228.117  GDY-BPU17     

192.168.228.118  GDY-BPU18     

192.168.228.119  GDY-BPU19     

192.168.228.120  GDY-BPU20     

...

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

 

其中:GDY-BPU11master节点,GDY-BPU12standby节点,GDY-BPU13-GDY-BPU20均为第一批segment节点;GDY-BPU03-GDY-BPU10为备用节点。

2.2内核参数设置(所有节点全部操作)

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf 

# Kernel sysctl configuration file for Red Hat Linux

#

# For binary values, 0 is disabled, 1 is enabled.  See sysctl(8) and

# sysctl.conf(5) for more details.

 

# Controls IP packet forwarding

#net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0(被注释)

 

# Controls source route verification

net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1(未被注释)

 

# Do not accept source routing

#net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0(被注释)

 

# Controls the System Request debugging functionality of the kernel

#kernel.sysrq = 0(被注释)

 

# Controls whether core dumps will append the PID to the core filename.

# Useful for debugging multi-threaded applications.

#kernel.core_uses_pid = 1(被注释)

 

# Controls the use of TCP syncookies

#net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1(被注释)

 

# Disable netfilter on bridges.

#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0

#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0

#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0

#net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog=8192(被注释)

net.core.somaxconn=8192(未被注释)

 

(以上为原机器设置参数,下方为正式GP使用参数)

#used for greenplum

kernel.msgmnb = 65536

kernel.msgmax = 65536

kernel.shmmax = 500000000

kernel.shmall = 4000000000

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 512000 100 2048

kernel.sysrq = 1

kernel.core_uses_pid = 1

kernel.msgmnb = 65536

kernel.msgmax = 65536

kernel.msgmni = 2048

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0

net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 4096

net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter = 1

net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_filter = 1

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1025 65535

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 10000

vm.overcommit_memory = 2

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

 

新增之后,使用sysctl -p命令生效

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# sysctl -p

net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1

net.core.somaxconn = 8192

kernel.msgmnb = 65536

kernel.msgmax = 65536

kernel.shmmax = 500000000

kernel.shmall = 4000000000

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 512000 100 2048

kernel.sysrq = 1

kernel.core_uses_pid = 1

kernel.msgmnb = 65536

kernel.msgmax = 65536

kernel.msgmni = 2048

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0

net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 4096

net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter = 1

net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_filter = 1

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1025 65535

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 10000

vm.overcommit_memory = 2

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

2.3安全限制参数(limit)设置(所有节点全部操作)

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

# /etc/security/limits.conf

...

# End of file

* hard core 0

* soft core 0

(下方为greenplum添加项)

#for greenplum

*  soft  nofile  65536

*  hard  nofile  65536

*  soft  nproc  131072

*  hard  nproc  131072

 

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

2.4 主机名设置(所有节点全部操作)

主机名的情况同host文件,故在本文档中主机名的设置也暂时不做处理。

情况允许的情况下可将master主机的名称改为mdwstandby主机改为smdwsegment改为sdw+nn为阿拉伯数字)。修改完成后需重启机器。修改效果为:

[root@mdw ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network

NETWORKING=yes

NETWORKING_IPV6=no

HOSTNAME=mdw

 

2.5 I/O调度策略设置(所有节点全部操作)

linux默认的I/O调度模式是CFQ,通常需要修改I/O调度策略为deadline

I/O调度策略:

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# cat /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler 

noop anticipatory deadline [cfq]

修改方法(临时修改):

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# echo deadline > /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler 

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# cat /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler

noop anticipatory [deadline] cfq

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

2.6修改磁盘预读扇区数(所有节点全部操作)

3.准备工作

3.1创建群组&用户&修改密码(所有节点全部操作)

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# groupadd -g 520 gpadmin

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# useradd -u 520 -g gpadmin gpadmin

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# passwd gpadmin

更改用户 gpadmin 的密码 。

新的 密码:gpadmin2017

无效的密码: 过于简单

重新输入新的 密码:gpadmin2017

passwd: 所有的身份验证令牌已经成功更新。

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# id gpadmin

uid=520(gpadmin) gid=520(gpadmin) =520(gpadmin)

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

3.2创建软件安装目录(所有节点全部操作)

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# mkdir -p /gpdb/app

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# chown -R gpadmin:gpadmin /gpdb/

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

 

3.3创建存储目录(所有seg节点全部操作)

3.4上传&解压安装文件(master节点操作)

greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip文件从本地上传至192.168.228.111服务器的/gpdb目录下,过程同“附:Greenplum访问客户端psql的安装第二节”。

上传后:

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]# ll

总用量 129196

-rw-r----- 1 root root 132293611 6月  20 19:14 greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]#

 

解压:

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]# unzip greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip 

Archive:  greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip

  inflating: greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.bin  

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]# ll

总用量 260720

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 134680441 12月 14 2016 greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.bin

-rw-r----- 1 root root 132293611 6月  20 19:14 greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]#

4.安装

4.1 master节点安装

[root@mdw local]# bash ./greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.bin 

 

********************************************************************************

You must read and accept the Pivotal Database license agreement

before installing

********************************************************************************

 

       ***  IMPORTANT INFORMATION - PLEASE READ CAREFULLY  ***

 

...(此处为greenplum相关协议许可信息,省略)

********************************************************************************

Do you accept the Pivotal Database license agreement? [yes|no]

********************************************************************************

yes(输入yes通过接受)

********************************************************************************

Provide the installation path for Greenplum Database or press ENTER to

accept the default installation path: /usr/local/greenplum-db-4.3.11.0

********************************************************************************

/gpdb/app(确认安装目录为提供的目录即可回车,否则需要自己输入目录路径。默认为/usr/local目录下)

********************************************************************************

Install Greenplum Database into /gpdb/app? [yes|no]

********************************************************************************

yes(回复)

 

Extracting product to /gpdb/app

 

********************************************************************************

Installation complete.

Greenplum Database is installed in /gpdb/app

 

Pivotal Greenplum documentation is available

for download at http://gpdb.docs.pivotal.io

********************************************************************************

 

安装完毕后对greenplum文件夹建立软连接

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]# ll

总用量 260728

drwxr-x--- 11 gpadmin gpadmin      4096 6月  21 11:47 app

lrwxrwxrwx  1 root    root            5 6月  21 11:35 greenplum-db -> ./app

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root    root    134680441 12月 14 2016 greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.bin

-rw-r-----  1 root    root    132293611 6月  20 19:14 greenplum-db-4.3.11.0-build-1-rhel5-x86_64.zip

[root@GDY-BPU11 gpdb]#

 

4.2 master节点设置环境变量

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ vi /home/gpadmin/.bash_profile

# .bash_profile

 

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

        . ~/.bashrc

fi

 

# User specific environment and startup programs

 

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

 

export PATH

source /gpdb/app/greenplum_path.sh

export MASTER_DATA_DIRECTORY=/data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

 

生效:

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ . .bash_profile 

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

4.3 greenplum系统节点设置

为了方便管理以及节点间互信,需要编辑节点信息文件。

节点文件包括all_host(所有节点)和seg_host(存储节点)

All_host:

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 config]$ vi all_host

GDY-BPU11

GDY-BPU12

GDY-BPU13

GDY-BPU14

GDY-BPU15

GDY-BPU16

GDY-BPU17

GDY-BPU18

GDY-BPU19

GDY-BPU20

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 config]$

 

Seg_host:

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 config]$ vi seg_host

GDY-BPU12

GDY-BPU11

GDY-BPU13

GDY-BPU14

GDY-BPU15

GDY-BPU16

GDY-BPU17

GDY-BPU18

GDY-BPU19

GDY-BPU20

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 config]$

 

4.4 配置算法(全节点)&建立互信

*由于生产环境的SSH版本为6.7,故在用gpssh-exkeys命令建立互信前需要做以下操作:

全节点的/usr/etc/sshd_config文件夹下添加一行加密算法以保证加密密钥可以通过互信,否则进行互信操作时会产生

[ERROR GDY-BPU12] Incompatible ssh peer (no acceptable kex algorithm)

关于不安全算法被屏蔽的问题。操作如下:

 

[root@GDY-BPU12 ~]# vi /usr/etc/sshd_config

#       $OpenBSD: sshd_config,v 1.93 2014/01/10 05:59:19 djm Exp $

...

KexAlgorithms curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1

 

修改完毕后,重启ssh服务:

[root@GDY-BPU12 ~]# service sshd reload

重新载入 sshd[确定]

[root@GDY-BPU12 ~]#

 

使用gpssh-exkeys建立互信(密码输入为gpadmin用户密码):

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpssh-exkeys -f config/all_host 

[STEP 1 of 5] create local ID and authorize on local host

  ... /home/gpadmin/.ssh/id_rsa file exists ... key generation skipped

 

[STEP 2 of 5] keyscan all hosts and update known_hosts file

 

[STEP 3 of 5] authorize current user on remote hosts

  ... send to GDY-BPU12

  ***

  *** Enter password for GDY-BPU12:

  ... send to GDY-BPU13

  ***

  *** Enter password for GDY-BPU13:

      ... send to GDY-BPU14

  ...(省略)

  *** Enter password for GDY-BPU20:

 

[STEP 4 of 5] determine common authentication file content

 

[STEP 5 of 5] copy authentication files to all remote hosts

  ... finished key exchange with GDY-BPU12

  ... finished key exchange with GDY-BPU13

      ...

      ... finished key exchange with GDY-BPU20

 

 

安装完毕后可以通过gpssh命令来查看互信是否成功。-f指定节点文件,-e指定linux操作命令

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpssh -f config/all_host -e pwd

[GDY-BPU11] pwd

[GDY-BPU11] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU12] pwd

[GDY-BPU12] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU16] pwd

[GDY-BPU16] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU13] pwd

[GDY-BPU13] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU14] pwd

[GDY-BPU14] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU18] pwd

[GDY-BPU18] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU17] pwd

[GDY-BPU17] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU15] pwd

[GDY-BPU15] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU20] pwd

[GDY-BPU20] /home/gpadmin

[GDY-BPU19] pwd

[GDY-BPU19] /home/gpadmin

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

 

4.5 segment节点安装

通过gpseginstall命令安装segment节点,-u指定安装用户,-p指定用户密码;segment节点会根据master节点的安装路径安装greenplum,目录结构各节点一致。

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpseginstall -f config/all_host -u gpadmin -p gpadmin2017

20170622:09:55:39:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Installation Info:

link_name greenplum-db

binary_path /gpdb/app

binary_dir_location /gpdb

binary_dir_name app

20170622:09:55:39:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-check cluster password access

20170622:09:55:43:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-de-duplicate hostnames

20170622:09:55:43:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-master hostname: GDY-BPU11

20170622:09:55:45:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-rm -f /gpdb/app.tar; rm -f /gpdb/app.tar.gz

20170622:09:55:45:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-cd /gpdb; tar cf app.tar app

20170622:09:55:50:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-gzip /gpdb/app.tar

20170622:09:56:26:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: mkdir -p /gpdb

20170622:09:56:28:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: rm -rf /gpdb/app

20170622:09:56:30:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-scp software to remote location

20170622:09:56:35:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: gzip -f -d /gpdb/app.tar.gz

20170622:09:56:42:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-md5 check on remote location

20170622:09:56:45:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: cd /gpdb; tar xf app.tar

20170622:09:56:48:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: rm -f /gpdb/app.tar

20170622:09:56:51:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: cd /gpdb; rm -f greenplum-db; ln -fs app greenplum-db

20170622:09:56:53:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-rm -f /gpdb/app.tar.gz

20170622:09:56:53:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-version string on master: gpssh version 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece

20170622:09:56:53:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: . /gpdb/greenplum-db/./greenplum_path.sh; /gpdb/greenplum-db/./bin/gpssh --version

20170622:09:56:55:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-remote command: . /gpdb/app/greenplum_path.sh; /gpdb/app/bin/gpssh --version

20170622:09:57:02:030572 gpseginstall:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-SUCCESS -- Requested commands completed

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

 

4.6 节点设置环境变量(所有节点全部操作)

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ vi /home/gpadmin/.bash_profile

# .bash_profile

 

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

        . ~/.bashrc

fi

 

# User specific environment and startup programs

 

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

 

export PATH

source /gpdb/app/greenplum_path.sh

 

生效:

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ . .bash_profile 

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

 

*注:如遇到以下情况,则为/etc/group目录权限不足,需要将权限升至755(最低644)。

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU12 ~]$ source .bash_profile 

id: 无法找到ID 520 的用户的属组

 

5.初始化

5.1 存储挂载(所有节点全部操作)

根据存储挂载记录所规划的方案进行文件挂载

 

创建需要挂载的文件夹(创建于根目录下):

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# mkdir /data

 

之后编辑挂载文件:

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# vi /etc/fstab 

#

# /etc/fstab

# Created by anaconda on Thu Jan 23 08:41:31 2014

#

# Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk'

# See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info

#

...

UUID=00871840-9169-45ee-9bda-72ecfa648f95 /data                   ext3    defaults        1 0

 

编辑完挂载文件后需要使用mount命令自动挂载:

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# mount -a

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

 

最后由df命令进行检查

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# df -Th

文件系统    类型      容量  已用  可用 已用%% 挂载点

/dev/sda2     ext4    1.7T   75G  1.6T   5% /

tmpfs        tmpfs     63G     0   63G   0% /dev/shm

/dev/sda1     ext4    194M   53M  132M  29% /boot

/dev/sddlmaa1 ext3    1.9T  4.4G  1.8T   1% /data

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]#

5.2 创建目录(所有节点全部操作)

每个节点分别创建目录。

 

master&standby:

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# mkdir -p /data/gpdata/master/

[root@GDY-BPU11 ~]# chown -R gpadmin:gpadmin /data/gpdata

 

Segment:

[root@GDY-BPU13 data1]# mkdir -p /data1/gpdata/data /data1/gpdata/mdata

/data2/gpdata/data /data2/gpdata/mdata

[root@GDY-BPU13 data1]# chown -R gpadmin:gpadmin /data1/gpdata /data2/gpdata

5.3 同步时间

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpssh -f config/all_host -v -e 'ntpd'

[WARN] Reference default values as $MASTER_DATA_DIRECTORY/gpssh.conf could not be found

Using delaybeforesend 0.05 and prompt_validation_timeout 1.0

 

[Reset ...]

[INFO] login GDY-BPU11

[INFO] login GDY-BPU12

[INFO] login GDY-BPU13

[INFO] login GDY-BPU14

[INFO] login GDY-BPU16

[INFO] login GDY-BPU15

[INFO] login GDY-BPU17

[INFO] login GDY-BPU20

[INFO] login GDY-BPU18

[INFO] login GDY-BPU19

[GDY-BPU11] ntpd

[GDY-BPU12] ntpd

[GDY-BPU13] ntpd

[GDY-BPU14] ntpd

[GDY-BPU16] ntpd

[GDY-BPU15] ntpd

[GDY-BPU17] ntpd

[GDY-BPU20] ntpd

[GDY-BPU18] ntpd

[GDY-BPU19] ntpd

[INFO] completed successfully

 

[Cleanup...]

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

5.4 检查系统环境

在初始化数据库之前,需要进行先决条件检查,主要检查磁盘I/O能力、网络带宽、内核参数、limit等条件是否满足GreenPlum数据库的要求。

 

5.5 检查配置文件

greenplum安装目录下找到docs文件夹,将其中关于初始化的配置文件复制到用户目录下。

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ cp /gpdb/app/docs/cli_help/gpconfigs/gpinitsystem_config /home/gpadmin/config/

 

在配置文件中,修改参数:

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ cat config/gpinitsystem_config 

# FILE NAME: gpinitsystem_config

 

# Configuration file needed by the gpinitsystem

 

################################################

#### REQUIRED PARAMETERS

################################################

 

#### Name of this Greenplum system enclosed in quotes.

ARRAY_NAME="EMC Greenplum DW"

 

#### Naming convention for utility-generated data directories.

SEG_PREFIX=gpseg

 

#### Base number by which primary segment port numbers

#### are calculated.

PORT_BASE=40000

 

#### File system location(s) where primary segment data directories

#### will be created. The number of locations in the list dictate

#### the number of primary segments that will get created per

#### physical host (if multiple addresses for a host are listed in

#### the hostfile, the number of segments will be spread evenly across

#### the specified interface addresses).

declare -a DATA_DIRECTORY=(/data1/gpdata/data /data2/gpdata/data)

(存储位置)

#### OS-configured hostname or IP address of the master host.

MASTER_HOSTNAME=GDY-BPU11

master名)

#### File system location where the master data directory

#### will be created.

MASTER_DIRECTORY=/data/gpdata/master

master目录)

#### Port number for the master instance.

MASTER_PORT=5432

master端口)

#### Shell utility used to connect to remote hosts.

TRUSTED_SHELL=ssh

 

#### Maximum log file segments between automatic WAL checkpoints.

CHECK_POINT_SEGMENTS=8

 

#### Default server-side character set encoding.

ENCODING=UNICODE

 

################################################

#### OPTIONAL MIRROR PARAMETERS

################################################

 

#### Base number by which mirror segment port numbers

#### are calculated.

MIRROR_PORT_BASE=50000

(镜像端口)

#### Base number by which primary file replication port

#### numbers are calculated.

REPLICATION_PORT_BASE=41000

(复制端口)

#### Base number by which mirror file replication port

#### numbers are calculated.

MIRROR_REPLICATION_PORT_BASE=51000

 

#### File system location(s) where mirror segment data directories

#### will be created. The number of mirror locations must equal the

#### number of primary locations as specified in the

#### DATA_DIRECTORY parameter.

declare -a MIRROR_DATA_DIRECTORY=(/data1/gpdata/mdata /data2/gpdata/mdata)

(镜像存储位置)

 

################################################

#### OTHER OPTIONAL PARAMETERS

################################################

 

#### Create a database of this name after initialization.

#DATABASE_NAME=name_of_database

DATABASE_NAME=cloudlinkin

(数据库名称)

#### Specify the location of the host address file here instead of

#### with the the -h option of gpinitsystem.

#MACHINE_LIST_FILE=/home/gpadmin/gpconfigs/hostfile_gpinitsystem

MACHINE_LIST_FILE=/home/gpadmin/config/seg_host

segment服务器文件)

5.6 初始化

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpinitsystem -c config/gpinitsystem_config

20170623:10:13:48:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking configuration parameters, please wait...

20170623:10:13:48:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Reading Greenplum configuration file config/gpinitsystem_config

20170623:10:13:48:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Locale has not been set in config/gpinitsystem_config, will set to default value

20170623:10:13:49:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Locale set to en_US.utf8

20170623:10:13:49:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-MASTER_MAX_CONNECT not set, will set to default value 250

20170623:10:13:50:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking configuration parameters, Completed

20170623:10:13:50:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing multi-home checks, please wait...

........

20170623:10:13:52:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Configuring build for standard array

20170623:10:13:52:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing multi-home checks, Completed

20170623:10:13:52:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Building primary segment instance array, please wait...

................

20170623:10:14:04:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Building group mirror array type , please wait...

................

20170623:10:14:17:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking Master host

20170623:10:14:17:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking new segment hosts, please wait...

................................

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking new segment hosts, Completed

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Database Creation Parameters

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master Configuration

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master instance name       = EMC Greenplum DW

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master hostname            = GDY-BPU11

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master port                = 5432

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master instance dir        = /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master LOCALE              = en_US.utf8

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum segment prefix   = gpseg

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master Database            = cloudlinkin

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master connections         = 250

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master buffers             = 128000kB

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Segment connections        = 750

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Segment buffers            = 128000kB

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checkpoint segments        = 8

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Encoding                   = UNICODE

20170623:10:14:54:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Postgres param file        = Off

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Initdb to be used          = /gpdb/greenplum-db/./bin/initdb

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GP_LIBRARY_PATH is         = /gpdb/greenplum-db/./lib

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Ulimit check               = Passed

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Array host connect type    = Single hostname per node

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [1]      = ::1

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [2]      = 192.168.105.121

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [3]      = 192.168.227.111

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [4]      = 192.168.228.111

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [5]      = fe80::e611:5bff:fedf:815c

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master IP address [6]      = fe80::e611:5bff:fedf:815d

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Standby Master             = Not Configured

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Primary segment #          = 2

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total Database segments    = 16

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Trusted shell              = ssh

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Number segment hosts       = 8

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Mirror port base           = 50000

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Replicaton port base       = 41000

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Mirror replicaton port base= 51000

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Mirror segment #           = 2

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Mirroring config           = ON

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Mirroring type             = Group

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:----------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Primary Segment Configuration

20170623:10:14:55:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:----------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU13       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg0       40000   2       0       41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU13       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg1       40001   3       1       41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU14       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg2       40000   4       2       41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU14       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg3       40001   5       3       41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU15       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg4       40000   6       4       41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU15       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg5       40001   7       5       41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU16       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg6       40000   8       6       41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU16       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg7       40001   9       7       41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU17       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg8       40000   10      8       41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU17       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg9       40001   11      9       41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU18       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg10      40000   12      10      41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU18       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg11      40001   13      11      41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU19       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg12      40000   14      12      41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU19       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg13      40001   15      13      41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU20       /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg14      40000   16      14      41000

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU20       /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg15      40001   17      15      41001

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Mirror Segment Configuration

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:10:14:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU14       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg0      50000   18      0       51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU14       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg1      50001   19      1       51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU15       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg2      50000   20      2       51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU15       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg3      50001   21      3       51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU16       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg4      50000   22      4       51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU16       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg5      50001   23      5       51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU17       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg6      50000   24      6       51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU17       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg7      50001   25      7       51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU18       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg8      50000   26      8       51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU18       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg9      50001   27      9       51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU19       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg10     50000   28      10      51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU19       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg11     50001   29      11      51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU20       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg12     50000   30      12      51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU20       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg13     50001   31      13      51001

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU13       /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg14     50000   32      14      51000

20170623:10:14:57:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-GDY-BPU13       /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg15     50001   33      15      51001

Continue with Greenplum creation Yy/Nn>

y

20170623:10:15:36:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Building the Master instance database, please wait...

20170623:10:15:56:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting the Master in admin mode

20170623:10:16:38:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel build of primary segment instances

20170623:10:16:38:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Spawning parallel processes    batch [1], please wait...

................

20170623:10:16:40:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Waiting for parallel processes batch [1], please wait...

................................

20170623:10:17:12:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:12:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Parallel process exit status

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as completed           = 16

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as killed              = 0

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as failed              = 0

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel build of mirror segment instances

20170623:10:17:13:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Spawning parallel processes    batch [1], please wait...

................

20170623:10:17:15:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Waiting for parallel processes batch [1], please wait...

............

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Parallel process exit status

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as completed           = 16

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as killed              = 0

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Total processes marked as failed              = 0

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:27:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Deleting distributed backout files

20170623:10:17:28:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Removing back out file

20170623:10:17:28:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No errors generated from parallel processes

20170623:10:17:28:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Restarting the Greenplum instance in production mode

20170623:10:17:28:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting gpstop with args: -a -l /home/gpadmin/gpAdminLogs -i -m -d /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:28:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Gathering information and validating the environment...

20170623:10:17:28:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Greenplum Master catalog information

20170623:10:17:28:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Segment details from master...

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Version: 'postgres (Greenplum Database) 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece'

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-There are 0 connections to the database

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing Master instance shutdown with mode='immediate'

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master host=GDY-BPU11

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing Master instance shutdown with mode=immediate

20170623:10:17:29:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master segment instance directory=/data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:30:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Attempting forceful termination of any leftover master process

20170623:10:17:30:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Terminating processes for segment /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:30:010058 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[ERROR]:-Failed to kill processes for segment /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1: ([Errno 3] No such process)

20170623:10:17:31:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting gpstart with args: -a -l /home/gpadmin/gpAdminLogs -d /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:31:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Gathering information and validating the environment...

20170623:10:17:31:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Binary Version: 'postgres (Greenplum Database) 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece'

20170623:10:17:31:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Catalog Version: '201310150'

20170623:10:17:31:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting Master instance in admin mode

20170623:10:17:32:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Greenplum Master catalog information

20170623:10:17:32:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Segment details from master...

20170623:10:17:32:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Setting new master era

20170623:10:17:32:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master Started...

20170623:10:17:32:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Shutting down master

20170623:10:17:34:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel primary and mirror segment instance startup, please wait...

...

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Process results...

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Successful segment starts                                            = 32

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Failed segment starts                                                = 0

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Skipped segment starts (segments are marked down in configuration)   = 0

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Successfully started 32 of 32 segment instances

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:37:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting Master instance GDY-BPU11 directory /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:39:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Command pg_ctl reports Master GDY-BPU11 instance active

20170623:10:17:39:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No standby master configured.  skipping...

20170623:10:17:39:010284 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Database successfully started

20170623:10:17:39:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Completed restart of Greenplum instance in production mode

20170623:10:17:39:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Loading gp_toolkit...

20170623:10:17:45:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Scanning utility log file for any warning messages

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[WARN]:-*******************************************************

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[WARN]:-Scan of log file indicates that some warnings or errors

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[WARN]:-were generated during the array creation

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Please review contents of log file

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-/home/gpadmin/gpAdminLogs/gpinitsystem_20170623.log

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-To determine level of criticality

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-These messages could be from a previous run of the utility

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-that was called today!

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[WARN]:-*******************************************************

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Database instance successfully created

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-------------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-To complete the environment configuration, please

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-update gpadmin .bashrc file with the following

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-1. Ensure that the greenplum_path.sh file is sourced

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-2. Add "export MASTER_DATA_DIRECTORY=/data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1"

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   to access the Greenplum scripts for this instance:

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   or, use -d /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1 option for the Greenplum scripts

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Example gpstate -d /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:10:17:46:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Script log file = /home/gpadmin/gpAdminLogs/gpinitsystem_20170623.log

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-To remove instance, run gpdeletesystem utility

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-To initialize a Standby Master Segment for this Greenplum instance

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Review options for gpinitstandby

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-------------------------------------------------------

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-The Master /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1/pg_hba.conf post gpinitsystem

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-has been configured to allow all hosts within this new

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-array to intercommunicate. Any hosts external to this

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-new array must be explicitly added to this file

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Refer to the Greenplum Admin support guide which is

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-located in the /gpdb/greenplum-db/./docs directory

20170623:10:17:47:053123 gpinitsystem:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-------------------------------------------------------

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

6.启动&停止Greenplum

6.1 启动

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpstart

20170623:11:35:48:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting gpstart with args:

20170623:11:35:48:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Gathering information and validating the environment...

20170623:11:35:48:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Binary Version: 'postgres (Greenplum Database) 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece'

20170623:11:35:48:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Catalog Version: '201310150'

20170623:11:35:48:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting Master instance in admin mode

20170623:11:35:50:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Greenplum Master catalog information

20170623:11:35:50:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Segment details from master...

20170623:11:35:50:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Setting new master era

20170623:11:35:50:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master Started...

20170623:11:35:50:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Shutting down master

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master instance parameters

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Database                 = template1

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master Port              = 5432

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master directory         = /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Timeout                  = 600 seconds

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master standby           = Off

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Segment instances that will be started

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Host        Datadir                       Port    Role

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg0     40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg0    50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg1     40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg1    50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg2     40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg2    50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg3     40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg3    50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg4     40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg4    50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg5     40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg5    50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg6     40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg6    50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg7     40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg7    50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg8     40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg8    50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg9     40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg9    50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg10    40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg10   50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg11    40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg11   50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg12    40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg12   50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg13    40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg13   50001   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg14    40000   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg14   50000   Mirror

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg15    40001   Primary

20170623:11:35:52:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg15   50001   Mirror

 

Continue with Greenplum instance startup Yy|Nn (default=N):

> y(以上记录了GreenPlum数据库的一些基本信息)

20170623:11:35:55:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel primary and mirror segment instance startup, please wait...

...

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Process results...

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Successful segment starts                                            = 32

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Failed segment starts                                                = 0

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Skipped segment starts (segments are marked down in configuration)   = 0

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Successfully started 32 of 32 segment instances

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:11:35:58:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting Master instance GDY-BPU11 directory /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:11:35:59:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Command pg_ctl reports Master GDY-BPU11 instance active

20170623:11:35:59:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No standby master configured.  skipping...

20170623:11:35:59:041712 gpstart:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Database successfully started

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

 

6.2 查看状态

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpstate

20170623:15:09:25:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting gpstate with args:

20170623:15:09:26:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-local Greenplum Version: 'postgres (Greenplum Database) 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece'

20170623:15:09:26:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-master Greenplum Version: 'PostgreSQL 8.2.15 (Greenplum Database 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece) on x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu, compiled by GCC gcc (GCC) 4.4.2 compiled on Dec 14 2016 02:23:59'

20170623:15:09:26:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Segment details from master...

20170623:15:09:26:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Gathering data from segments...

..

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum instance status summary

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Master instance                                           = Active

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Master standby                                            = No master standby configured

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total segment instance count from metadata                = 32

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Primary Segment Status

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total primary segments                                    = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total primary segment valid (at master)                   = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total primary segment failures (at master)                = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid files missing              = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid files found                = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid PIDs missing               = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid PIDs found                 = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of /tmp lock files missing                   = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of /tmp lock files found                     = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number postmaster processes missing                 = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number postmaster processes found                   = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Mirror Segment Status

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total mirror segments                                     = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total mirror segment valid (at master)                    = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total mirror segment failures (at master)                 = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid files missing              = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid files found                = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid PIDs missing               = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of postmaster.pid PIDs found                 = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of /tmp lock files missing                   = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number of /tmp lock files found                     = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number postmaster processes missing                 = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number postmaster processes found                   = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number mirror segments acting as primary segments   = 0

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Total number mirror segments acting as mirror segments    = 16

20170623:15:09:28:006088 gpstate:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

6.3 关闭

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpstop

20170623:15:10:22:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting gpstop with args:

20170623:15:10:22:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Gathering information and validating the environment...

20170623:15:10:22:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Greenplum Master catalog information

20170623:15:10:22:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Obtaining Segment details from master...

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum Version: 'postgres (Greenplum Database) 4.3.11.0 build commit: dc719b3e8d8b1e1f2a4b9eb1728d1d52a8431ece'

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master instance parameters

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Master Greenplum instance process active PID   = 42066

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Database                                       = template1

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Master port                                    = 5432

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Master directory                               = /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Shutdown mode                                  = smart

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Timeout                                        = 120

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Shutdown Master standby host                   = Off

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Segment instances that will be shutdown:

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:---------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Host        Datadir                       Port    Status

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg0     40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg0    50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg1     40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg1    50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg2     40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg2    50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU14   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg3     40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg3    50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg4     40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg4    50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU15   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg5     40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg5    50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg6     40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg6    50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU16   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg7     40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg7    50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg8     40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg8    50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU17   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg9     40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg9    50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg10    40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg10   50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU18   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg11    40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg11   50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg12    40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg12   50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU19   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg13    40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg13   50001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data1/gpdata/data/gpseg14    40000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data1/gpdata/mdata/gpseg14   50000   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU20   /data2/gpdata/data/gpseg15    40001   u

20170623:15:10:23:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   GDY-BPU13   /data2/gpdata/mdata/gpseg15   50001   u

 

Continue with Greenplum instance shutdown Yy|Nn (default=N):

> y

20170623:15:10:31:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-There are 0 connections to the database

20170623:15:10:31:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing Master instance shutdown with mode='smart'

20170623:15:10:31:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master host=GDY-BPU11

20170623:15:10:31:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing Master instance shutdown with mode=smart

20170623:15:10:31:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Master segment instance directory=/data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Attempting forceful termination of any leftover master process

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Terminating processes for segment /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[ERROR]:-Failed to kill processes for segment /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1: ([Errno 3] No such process)

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No standby master host configured

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel primary segment instance shutdown, please wait...

20170623:15:10:32:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-0.00% of jobs completed

20170623:15:10:42:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-100.00% of jobs completed

20170623:15:10:42:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Commencing parallel mirror segment instance shutdown, please wait...

20170623:15:10:42:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-0.00% of jobs completed

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-100.00% of jobs completed

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Segments stopped successfully      = 32

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-   Segments with errors during stop   = 0

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-----------------------------------------------------

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Successfully shutdown 32 of 32 segment instances

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Database successfully shutdown with no errors reported

20170623:15:10:52:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Cleaning up leftover gpmmon process

20170623:15:10:53:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No leftover gpmmon process found

20170623:15:10:53:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Cleaning up leftover gpsmon processes

20170623:15:10:53:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-No leftover gpsmon processes on some hosts. not attempting forceful termination on these hosts

20170623:15:10:53:009030 gpstop:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Cleaning up leftover shared memory

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

 

7.Standby节点扩展

7.1 standby节点配置

所有配置同其他节点。

7.2 standby节点扩展

执行gpinitstandby命令以扩展。

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$ gpinitstandby -s GDY-BPU12

20170623:16:28:49:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Validating environment and parameters for standby initialization...

20170623:16:28:49:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking for filespace directory /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1 on GDY-BPU12

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------------

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum standby master initialization parameters

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------------

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum master hostname               = GDY-BPU11

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum master data directory         = /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum master port                   = 5432

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum standby master hostname       = GDY-BPU12

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum standby master port           = 5432

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum standby master data directory = /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Greenplum update system catalog         = On

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------------

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:- Filespace locations

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:------------------------------------------------------

20170623:16:28:50:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-pg_system -> /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

Do you want to continue with standby master initialization? Yy|Nn (default=N):

> y

20170623:16:28:59:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Syncing Greenplum Database extensions to standby

20170623:16:28:59:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-The packages on GDY-BPU12 are consistent.

20170623:16:28:59:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Adding standby master to catalog...

20170623:16:28:59:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Database catalog updated successfully.

20170623:16:29:00:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Updating pg_hba.conf file...

20170623:16:29:06:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-pg_hba.conf files updated successfully.

20170623:16:29:08:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Updating filespace flat files...

20170623:16:29:08:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Filespace flat file updated successfully.

20170623:16:29:09:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Starting standby master

20170623:16:29:09:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Checking if standby master is running on host: GDY-BPU12  in directory: /data/gpdata/master/gpseg-1

20170623:16:29:13:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Cleaning up pg_hba.conf backup files...

20170623:16:29:18:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Backup files of pg_hba.conf cleaned up successfully.

20170623:16:29:18:049078 gpinitstandby:GDY-BPU11:gpadmin-[INFO]:-Successfully created standby master on GDY-BPU12

[gpadmin@GDY-BPU11 ~]$

附:Greenplum访问客户端psql的安装

1.获取资源

https://www.postgresql.org/download/上下载

postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm(客户端)和

postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm(依赖包)。

2.传输文件

1) 通过winscp访问跳板机,将客户端和依赖包发送至跳板机182.92.191.83
跳板机(182.92.191.83)操作:

[ucloudlinkin@iZ2591evaqxZ ~]$ ll

total 2731296

...

-rw-rw-r-- 1 ucloudlinkin ucloudlinkin    1437460 Feb 20 10:17 postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm

-rw-rw-r-- 1 ucloudlinkin ucloudlinkin     287928 Feb 20 10:30 postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm

...

[ucloudlinkin@iZ2591evaqxZ ~]$

 

2) 通过scp命令将文件传输至跳板机机器218.200.243.228,端口为2002

跳板机(182.92.191.83)操作:

[ucloudlinkin@iZ2591evaqxZ ~]$ scp -P 2002 /home/ucloudlinkin/postgresql96-*  root@218.200.243.228:/root

root@218.200.243.228's password:

postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm        100%  1404KB  1.4MB/s   00:00    

postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm     100%  281KB  281.2KB/s   00:00    

[ucloudlinkin@iZ2591evaqxZ ~]$

跳转后机器(218.200.243.228)操作:

[root@BJBJ-BS-MAIL-PEM-GGLC-MN-MGR01 ~]# ll

总计 5998640

...

-rw-r--r--  1 root          root             1437460 06-20 18:51 postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm

-rw-r--r--  1 root          root              287928 06-20 18:51 postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm

...

You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

[root@BJBJ-BS-MAIL-PEM-GGLC-MN-MGR01 ~]#

 

3) 通过scp命令将文件传输至广州私有云服务器218.200.243.228,端口为2002

跳板机(218.200.243.228)操作:

[root@BJBJ-BS-MAIL-PEM-GGLC-MN-MGR01 ~]#  scp -P 2002 /root/postgresql96-*  root@221.176.66.201:/root

root@221.176.66.201's password:

postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm        100%  1404KB  1.4MB/s   00:00    

postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm     100%  281KB  281.2KB/s   00:00    

[root@BJBJ-BS-MAIL-PEM-GGLC-MN-MGR01 ~]#

 

4) 通过scp命令将文件传输至广州私有云内部服务器192.168.228.111

私有云服务器(218.200.243.228)操作:

[root@GDY-YYMN ~]# scp /root/postgresql96-*  root@192.168.228.111:/root

root@192.168.228.111's password:

postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm              100% 1404KB   1.4MB/s   00:00    

postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm         100%  281KB 281.2KB/s   00:00    

[root@GDY-YYMN ~]#

3.安装

1) 将安装包传至/opt目录下,使用命令rpm -ivh解压

[root@GDY-BPU11 opt]# rpm -ivh postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm --nodeps --force

warning: postgresql96-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 442df0f8: NOKEY

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:postgresql96           ########################################### [100%]

[root@GDY-BPU11 opt]# rpm -ivh postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm  --nodeps --force

warning: postgresql96-libs-9.6.2-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 442df0f8: NOKEY

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:postgresql96-libs      ########################################### [100%]

[root@GDY-BPU11 opt]# 

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