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Volley源码分析(4)NetWork与ResponseDelivery工作原理

网友分享于:2013-06-29  浏览:0次
Volley源码分析(四)NetWork与ResponseDelivery工作原理

这篇文章主要分析网络请求和结果交付的过程。

NetWork工作原理

之前已经说到通过mNetWork.performRequest()方法来得到NetResponse,看一下该方法具体的执行流程,performRequest是一个接口方法,真正实现该方法以及被调用的是BasicNetWork,其具体的performRequest代码如下:

 @Override
    public NetworkResponse performRequest(Request<?> request) throws VolleyError {
        long requestStart = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
        while (true) {
            HttpResponse httpResponse = null;
            byte[] responseContents = null;
            Map<String, String> responseHeaders = Collections.emptyMap();
            try {
                // Gather headers.
                Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>();
                addCacheHeaders(headers, request.getCacheEntry());
                httpResponse = mHttpStack.performRequest(request, headers);
                StatusLine statusLine = httpResponse.getStatusLine();
                int statusCode = statusLine.getStatusCode();

                responseHeaders = convertHeaders(httpResponse.getAllHeaders());
                // Handle cache validation.
                if (statusCode == HttpStatus.SC_NOT_MODIFIED) {

                    Entry entry = request.getCacheEntry();
                    if (entry == null) {
                        return new NetworkResponse(HttpStatus.SC_NOT_MODIFIED, null,
                                responseHeaders, true,
                                SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - requestStart);
                    }

                    // A HTTP 304 response does not have all header fields. We
                    // have to use the header fields from the cache entry plus
                    // the new ones from the response.
                    // http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec10.html#sec10.3.5
                    entry.responseHeaders.putAll(responseHeaders);
                    return new NetworkResponse(HttpStatus.SC_NOT_MODIFIED, entry.data,
                            entry.responseHeaders, true,
                            SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - requestStart);
                }

                // Some responses such as 204s do not have content.  We must check.
                if (httpResponse.getEntity() != null) {
                  responseContents = entityToBytes(httpResponse.getEntity());
                } else {
                  // Add 0 byte response as a way of honestly representing a
                  // no-content request.
                  responseContents = new byte[0];
                }

                // if the request is slow, log it.
                long requestLifetime = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - requestStart;
                logSlowRequests(requestLifetime, request, responseContents, statusLine);

                if (statusCode < 200 || statusCode > 299) {
                    throw new IOException();
                }
                return new NetworkResponse(statusCode, responseContents, responseHeaders, false,
                        SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - requestStart);
            } catch (SocketTimeoutException e) {
                attemptRetryOnException("socket", request, new TimeoutError());
            } catch (ConnectTimeoutException e) {
                attemptRetryOnException("connection", request, new TimeoutError());
            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Bad URL " + request.getUrl(), e);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                int statusCode;
                if (httpResponse != null) {
                    statusCode = httpResponse.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
                } else {
                    throw new NoConnectionError(e);
                }
                VolleyLog.e("Unexpected response code %d for %s", statusCode, request.getUrl());
                NetworkResponse networkResponse;
                if (responseContents != null) {
                    networkResponse = new NetworkResponse(statusCode, responseContents,
                            responseHeaders, false, SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - requestStart);
                    if (statusCode == HttpStatus.SC_UNAUTHORIZED ||
                            statusCode == HttpStatus.SC_FORBIDDEN) {
                        attemptRetryOnException("auth",
                                request, new AuthFailureError(networkResponse));
                    } else if (statusCode >= 400 && statusCode <= 499) {
                        // Don't retry other client errors.
                        throw new ClientError(networkResponse);
                    } else if (statusCode >= 500 && statusCode <= 599) {
                        if (request.shouldRetryServerErrors()) {
                            attemptRetryOnException("server",
                                    request, new ServerError(networkResponse));
                        } else {
                            throw new ServerError(networkResponse);
                        }
                    } else {
                        // 3xx? No reason to retry.
                        throw new ServerError(networkResponse);
                    }
                } else {
                    attemptRetryOnException("network", request, new NetworkError());
                }
            }
        }
    }

上述代码可以看出,真正进行网络请求还是HttpStack.performRequest,在请求结束以后,对返回的状态码进行封装,这里主要说一下304状态码,该状态码,由于只返回header,不返回body,因此body需要从以前缓存的entity中取出body。而HttpStack的两个实现类一个是HttpClientStack,另一个是HurlStack,他们也是直接调用Java自带的http请求方法来得到response。
下面要看的是NetWorkResponse的封装

    public NetworkResponse(int statusCode, byte[] data, Map<String, String> headers,
            boolean notModified, long networkTimeMs) {
        this.statusCode = statusCode;
        this.data = data;
        this.headers = headers;
        this.notModified = notModified;
        this.networkTimeMs = networkTimeMs;
    }

这就是全部的NetWorkResponse的封装,封装的目的是为了对response进行交付。

ResponseDelivery工作原理

ResponseDelivery是一个接口,其定义了3个方法,2个传递response的重载方法与一个传递error方法

 /**
     * Parses a response from the network or cache and delivers it.
     */
    void postResponse(Request<?> request, Response<?> response);

    /**
     * Parses a response from the network or cache and delivers it. The provided
     * Runnable will be executed after delivery.
     */
    void postResponse(Request<?> request, Response<?> response, Runnable runnable);

    /**
     * Posts an error for the given request.
     */
    void postError(Request<?> request, VolleyError error);

其实现类ExecutorDelivery是真正执行的功能类。其内部非常简单,代码如下:

public class ExecutorDelivery implements ResponseDelivery {
    /** Used for posting responses, typically to the main thread. */
    private final Executor mResponsePoster;

    /**
     * Creates a new response delivery interface.
     * @param handler {@link Handler} to post responses on
     */
    public ExecutorDelivery(final Handler handler) {
        // Make an Executor that just wraps the handler.
        mResponsePoster = new Executor() {
            @Override
            public void execute(Runnable command) {
                handler.post(command);
            }
        };
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new response delivery interface, mockable version
     * for testing.
     * @param executor For running delivery tasks
     */
    public ExecutorDelivery(Executor executor) {
        mResponsePoster = executor;
    }

    @Override
    public void postResponse(Request<?> request, Response<?> response) {
        postResponse(request, response, null);
    }

    @Override
    public void postResponse(Request<?> request, Response<?> response, Runnable runnable) {
        request.markDelivered();
        request.addMarker("post-response");
        mResponsePoster.execute(new ResponseDeliveryRunnable(request, response, runnable));
    }

    @Override
    public void postError(Request<?> request, VolleyError error) {
        request.addMarker("post-error");
        Response<?> response = Response.error(error);
        mResponsePoster.execute(new ResponseDeliveryRunnable(request, response, null));
    }

    /**
     * A Runnable used for delivering network responses to a listener on the
     * main thread.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
    private class ResponseDeliveryRunnable implements Runnable {
        private final Request mRequest;
        private final Response mResponse;
        private final Runnable mRunnable;

        public ResponseDeliveryRunnable(Request request, Response response, Runnable runnable) {
            mRequest = request;
            mResponse = response;
            mRunnable = runnable;
        }

        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        @Override
        public void run() {
            // If this request has canceled, finish it and don't deliver.
            if (mRequest.isCanceled()) {
                mRequest.finish("canceled-at-delivery");
                return;
            }

            // Deliver a normal response or error, depending.
            if (mResponse.isSuccess()) {
                mRequest.deliverResponse(mResponse.result);
            } else {
                mRequest.deliverError(mResponse.error);
            }

            // If this is an intermediate response, add a marker, otherwise we're done
            // and the request can be finished.
            if (mResponse.intermediate) {
                mRequest.addMarker("intermediate-response");
            } else {
                mRequest.finish("done");
            }

            // If we have been provided a post-delivery runnable, run it.
            if (mRunnable != null) {
                mRunnable.run();
            }
       }
    }
}

其构造方法唯一目的就是实例化了Excutor类型的mResponsePoster,Volley默认调用的是第一个构造方法,也就是包装了一个Handler.该类最主要的方法是postResponse,其核心的实现

mResponsePoster.execute(new ResponseDeliveryRunnable(request, response, runnable));

执行的是ResponseDeliveryRunnable的run方法,而run方法中是通过

mRequest.deliverResponse(mResponse.result);

而Request的该方法则是由有其具体的实现类 StringRequest,JsonRequest,ImageRequest实现,其实现都一致,则是

    @Override
    protected void deliverResponse(T response) {
        mListener.onResponse(response);
    }

调用回调方法。

因此,整个分发过程就清晰了,通过Dispatcher进行处理的每个Request,对request进行处理完,则通过ResponseDelivery进行交付,其交付通过得到一个UI线程的handler,通过该Handler的post,调用Request类的delivery方法,在该方法中,又会调用我们构造request时,传入的回调方法。

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